Answer following questions in about 100 words.
Q1) Describe in brief the early life of Bismillah khan. What are the various awards that were conferred on him?
Ans1) Bismillah khan came from a very simple family background. His childhood passed in ancient estate of Dumraon in
Bihar. He went to Benaras at the age of six. Here he
learned shehnai under his maternal uncle AliBux. He took Indian classical music
all over the world. Bismillah khan started winning awards from the age of
fourteen. He got the best performance awards at the Indian Music conference in Allahabad and three medals
at music conference in 1947. On the first Independence Day he greeted the
nation with Shehnai. He was also honored in Montréal and Osaka. In Tehran an auditorium was named after him.
Highest civilian award Bharat Ratna was conferred on him.
Q2) What is the Ustad Bismillah khan’s contribution to the development of Shehnai?
Ans2)Bismillah khan was introduced to Shehnai at the early age of six by his maternal uncle Ali bux .With his hardwork and dedication he popularized Shehnai and brought to the classical stage. Ustad Bismillah khan get recognition in the world of Music at national and international level. He invented ragas on the shehnai. His themes were related to ethos of temples and human relations. He turned these themes into ragas on the bank of the flowing river
Ganga. He was fascinated
by the beauty and serenity of holy Ganga. He
told that the flowing water of holy river Ganga
helped him to create many ‘ragaas’ through his shehnai.
Q3) Why does Benaras hold so much importance to Bismillah khan?
Ans3) Bismillah khan went to Benaras at the age of six. His maternal uncle Ali bux played shehnai at the Vishnu
He introduced him to the shehnai. Temples of Benaras and flowing water of temple of varanasi Ganga played very important role in his life. Bismillah
khan sat captivated for hours at temples to listen the music. He spent his many
years at the temples of Balaji and Mangla Maiya. Thus these were the training
centres for learning the shehnai. Ganga at
Benaras had deep impression on him. Throughout his life he was attached to
Benaras and the Ganga. He never wanted to
leave the banks of Ganga and live in a foreign