Monday, 21 November 2011

Subjects and predicate


In the analysis of a sentence first step is to divide it into two parts- subject and predicate. Therefore it is important to understand this simple concept.

(A)Definitions
Subject à
In a sentence subjects is a noun, pronoun or noun clause about which something is said or which does something. In other words a subject of a sentence is a doer or something is stated about it.
For Example in a sentence “Ram is an honest boy” subject is “Ram” because something (That he is an honest boy) is stated about him.

Predicate à
Rest of the sentence (other than subject) is called predicate. In the above example predicate is “is an honest boy”. Thus predicate includes verb and object of the verb.

Examine following sentences
S.No
Subject
Predicate
1)
Rakesh
Is my classmate.
2)
It
Is our duty
3)
Tajmahal
Was built by Sahajahan
4)
Cow
Was grazing in the field
5)
He
Won the match again
6)
Mahatma Gandhi
Is our national father
7)
I
Want to became a doctor
8)
They
Were coming from the  forest

 (B)
In Imperative Sentences Subject is omitted or we can say subject is understood.
Examplesà
1) Sit down. {Subject “you” is understood}

2) open your bag {subject “you” is understood}

(C)
Usually sentence starts with a subject. But sometimes it is placed after the predicate.
Exampleà
Here comes the great magician.
                                           
Noteà understanding a concept in a better way needs practice. For which you can visit 

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