Definition /what is the difference?
Verb is “the word” of a sentence. It represents action. Action is performed by some doer called subject. Some verbs transfer action from subject to another thing called object. (It is called object of the verb). But not all verbs do this work of transferring action to the object.
In simple words, those verbs, in a sentence, which transfer action from subject to some object is said to be used transitively. And if action is not transferred to the object, verb is said to be used intransitively.
1) Rakesh hit the foot ball.
(Here action (hit) is done by subject (Rakesh) which is transferred to object (football). Therefore verb (hit) is used transitively.)
2) He sleeps at 8pm.
(Here action (sleep) is done by subject (He) which is not transferred to any object. Hence verb (sleep) is used intransitively.)
Examplesà In following examples verb is underlined and their nature (transitive and intransitive) is given in the bracket.
1) He runs very fast. (intransitive)
2) Boys laughed loudly. (intransitive)
3) He stopped the project. (transitive)
4) Dog bit the boy. (transitive)
5) Birds were chirping. (intransitive)
6) He gave 100 rupees. (transitive)
7) She danced very well. (intransitive)
8) People beat him to death. (transitive)
9) We enjoyed very much. (intransitive)
10) He rides the horse. (transitive)
[Have you understood the difference? If not, go through the post again because it is enough material.
Now, whenever you read some book or newspaper, just have eyes for the verbs, pause for a moment, and ponder on to find transitive or Intransitive use of the verb. This simple mental exercise will deepen your understanding.]
For practice see Transitive and Intransitive verb (practice)-1